In this step I have applied a burnt sienna wash to the entire painting. This accomplishes a couple of tasks. One, it completely covers all the white areas so I don't have to worry about it showing through at a later point. And two, by applying this base coat, it requires less paint in the following steps. Another added bonus from the sienna wash is the nice medium value it gives for me to work my darks and lights on top of. This step goes quickly as I don't have to be particular with my brush strokes.